Pacific theater ww2 map
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Easy editing on desktops, tablets, and smartphones. On thinglink. Explore content created by others. Use the ThingLink mobile app to tag images on smartphones and tablets. The attacked lasted about 2 hours but it caused major casualties.
The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels and more than airplanes. Also more than 2, Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack, and another 1, were wounded. With this action, America is officially joined the war against the Axis-powers.
Within a month, the Japanese had captured the capital of the Philippines and the American and Filipino defenders of Luzon were forced to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula. Finally, on April 9, the defenders surrendered due to lack of resources and disease. In time, the Allied forces intercepted this information and prevented it at the end.
Subscribe to Thinglink Content Once a month we will send 10 best examples of similar interactive media content that has been hand-picked by ThingLink team.Before the start of the war in the Pacific, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the American military base located on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. The attack came because the United States had stopped trade of oil and other materials to Japan. On December 8th,just one day after the attack, the United States officially declared war on Japan.
For the first few months of the war, Japan was able to take over multiple islands, including Wake Island. It intended to use these islands as bases from which to fight the Allies. At first, the United States and its allies were not able to stop Japan from taking these islands, but in May ofthe allied navies fought the Japanese in the Coral Sea, which lies between Australia, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands.
The Japanese caused more damage, but the battle was the first time the Allies were able to stop an enemy advance. On June 4th,the two navies fought again, this time in the Battle of Midway.
During the war in the Pacific, the United States and Japan fought in almost twenty different battles. The bloodiest were the battles fought on the islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Though the United States won the battle of Okinawa, the American government decided that to keep fighting Japan would cause too many additional deaths. To try and end the war, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The blasts killed overpeople and left behind radiation that affected the cities for years after.
On August 15th,Japan surrendered and, on September 2nd, signed the formal documents to put an end to the war. US Marines landing on Iwo Jima. Leaders U.A few hours after the raid on Pearl Harbor on 7 DecemberJapanese aircraft attacked the Philippines. Three days later Japanese troops landed on Luzon. Unable to obtain reinforcements and supplies, MacArthur could do nothing more than fight a delaying action.
Between 16 and 18 December the few bombing planes that remained were evacuated, by their crews, to Australia, where US air power in the Far East was to be concentrated. Other members of the air units took up arms and fought as infantrymen in the battle that ended, at Bataan and Corregidor, with the loss of the Philippines in May But another year and a half elapsed before American forces began an offensive against Japanese positions in the Central Pacific.
It was then, on 20 Novemberthat landings were made in the Gilberts, on Makin and Tarawa, with the Marines at the latter place becoming engaged in one of the bloodiest battles of the war. On Juneat the time of the Battle of Midway, a Japanese force attacked Dutch Harbor and inflicted considerable damage before it was driven off. The Japanese then occupied Attu and Kiska. For the rest of and intoEleventh Air Force struck enemy bases and installations whenever weather over the Aleutians permitted.
The United States troops that landed on Attu on 11 May had possession of the island by the end of the month. The capture of Attu isolated Kiska, which was bombed repeatedly by American aircraft. The troops that invaded Kiska on 15 August discovered that the Japanese, under the cover of fog, had secretly evacuated their garrison.
At first the Allies could offer only feeble resistance to the enemy forces that pushed southward through Papua, but the Allies were building up their strength in Australia. The Allies then began to push the enemy back, with Fifth Air Force ferrying supplies and reinforcements to the troops fighting in the jungle. Buna was taken on 2 Januaryand enemy resistance at Sanananda ended three weeks later.
CAMPAIGNS OF The Pacific Theater in World War II
On 7 August the first stage of the offensive began with landings by a Marine division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands. The Japanese reacted vigorously.
They inflicted a serious defeat on Ghormley's naval forces in the Battle of Savo Island 8 Augustlanded large numbers of reinforcements on Guadalcanal, and ultimately lost strong ground, air and naval forces in a desperate effort to hold Guadalcanal.
Six major naval engagements were fought off the island.From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Subcategories This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. Second world war asia map de. Second world war asia map fr Approach to bairoko. B targets from China. B targets from India. Balikpapan ops Battle of Angaur map. Battle of Anguar map.
Battle of Eniwetok map. Battle of Koh Chang 17 january English version. Battle of Midway Map from dean. Battle of Santa Cruz map-fr. Battle of Shumshu Map-cn. Battle of Shumshu Map-ja.World War II on All Fronts: Every Day
Buna-Sanananda Coral Sea battle. Coral sea. Desant na atol Eniwetok. Divide-and-rule plan of Japan. End of the Salween campaign - 3 Nov Jan Samuel Fuqua Missouri-born Samuel Fuqua had a front row seat to the devastation at Pearl Harbor from aboard USS Arizona, a battleship that was heavily bombed during the first wave of the attack.
The Battle of Midway was an epic clash between the U.
The U. On February 26, an ammunition dump on the Philippine island of Corregidor is blown up by a remnant of the Japanese garrison, causing more American casualties on the eve of U. In MayCorregidor, a small rock island at the mouth of Manila Bay, remained one of Japanese troops land in Hong Kong on December 18,and slaughter ensues. At a. Hawaii time, a Japanese dive bomber bearing the red symbol of the Rising Sun of Japan on its wings appears out of the clouds above the island of Oahu.
A swarm of Japanese warplanes followed, descending on the U. But there About a. They were shouting to one another. His Marine Corps unit had suffered heavy casualties since arriving on the island of Iwo Jima a few days earlier and had now become In the spring ofU. Though the campaign was proving The demise of USS Oklahoma took mere moments. Less than 15 minutes after the first Japanese bombs and torpedoes tore into it on December 7,the gray battleship had rolled over, its masts touching the murky bottom of Pearl Harbor and its capsized keel exposed above the Neither could Marines landed on Peleliu, a volcanic island in the western Pacific ocean measuring only 6 miles long and 2 miles across.
General Douglas MacArthur had pushed for the amphibious attack on the By the time they splashed their way onto its southeastern beach on February 19,many of the U.
Marine invasion force wondered if there were any Japanese left alive on Iwo Jima. Allied aircraft, battleships and cruisers had spent the previous two and a half months Chester W.December 8, - U. Japanese land near Singapore and enter Thailand. December 9, - China declares war on Japan. December 10, - Japanese invade the Philippines and also seize Guam. December 11, - Japanese invade Burma. December 15, - First Japanese merchant ship sunk by a U. December 16, - Japanese invade British Borneo.
December 18, - Japanese invade Hong Kong. December 22, - Japanese invade Luzon in the Philippines. December 25, - British surrender at Hong Kong. December 26, - Manila declared an open city.
December 27, - Japanese bomb Manila.
World War II in the Pacific Theater
Map of the Japanese Empire at its peak in January 2, - Manila and U. Naval base at Cavite captured by the Japanese. January 7, - Japanese attack Bataan in the Philippines. January 16, - Japanese begin an advance into Burma. January 18, - German-Japanese-Italian military agreement signed in Berlin. January 19, - Japanese take North Borneo. January 27, - First Japanese warship sunk by a U. The siege of Singapore then begins.
February 1, - First U. February 15, - British surrender at Singapore. February 20, - First U. February 22, - President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General MacArthur out of the Philippines. February 23, - First Japanese attack on the U.
February 26, - First U. March 8, - The Dutch on Java surrender to Japanese. March 11, - Gen. MacArthur leaves Corregidor and is flown to Australia. Jonathan Wainwright becomes the new U.
March 18, - Gen. March 18, - War Relocation Authority established in the U. Despite the internment, over 17, Japanese-Americans sign up and fight for the U.
Pacific theater. April 3, - Japanese attack U.The Japanese war plan, aimed at the American, British, and Dutch possessions in the Pacific and in Southeast Asia, was of a rather makeshift character.
The lateness of the draft was due largely to the long indecision about going to war with such powerful countries, but partly to the complicated system of command. The Army and Navy each had its own Supreme Command, and both of them, under the constitution ofhad become virtually independent of the civil government.
Cooperation in planning and in execution took place only at top levels. Even when Imperial General Headquarters was established under the nominal command of Emperor Hirohito the constitutional supreme commanderthe separate command system was rigidly followed. Sincewhen Japanese military planners first defined hypothetical enemies, Russiathe United Statesand France fell into this category.
From the geostrategic standpoint, the Army would have the major role in a war against Russia, the Navy in one against the United States. Except for a few occasional revisions, the gist of this war plan remained nearly unchanged untilwhen France was removed from the list of hypothetical enemies and China and Great Britain were included.
Untilhowever, the basic assumption was that Japan would be fighting only a single enemy, not two or three enemies simultaneously. The assumption here was that the main U. As late as the Japanese Navy was still a firm believer in gun power. It was assumed that decisive battles would be fought mainly by the big guns of the battleshipssupplemented by light cruiser and destroyer attacks and by air attacks from carriers. The Navy had been armed and trained accordingly.
Japanese naval policy had also long considered a strength equivalent to 70 percent of the total strength of the U. Navy as a prerequisite for victory over the United States—on the assumption that 30 percent of the main U.
It was for this strategic reason that the Japanese Navy had made strenuous efforts to build up its auxiliary strength while its battleships were limited to 60 percent of the U.
As early astwo monster battleships, to be equipped with inch cm guns, had already been planned despite the limitations of the treaty, though actual construction began only afterward. Insimultaneous efforts were made to strengthen air and submarine forces. As drew to its close, however, the war in China had turned into a stalemate, and Japan had already committed itself to the Axis and antagonized the West.
The Japanese Navy began gradually mobilizing its forces. On April 10,the 1st Air Fleet was formed with four regular carriers as its nucleus. Yamamoto Isorokucommander in chief of the Combined Fleet fromordered his staff to study the feasibility of a surprise attack by carrier-borne air forces on the U. Such a crushing blow would, he thought, eliminate the threat of a flank attack by the main U. The Japanese advance, in Julyinto the southern part of French Indochina provoked the United States to freeze Japanese overseas assets and then to impose a total embargo on oil and oil products to Japan.
Negotiations offered little prospect for an early settlement, and on September 6 the Japanese government and the High Command decided that war preparations should be completed by late October. While both the U. When the U. In the meantime Yamamoto had been pressing his Pearl Harbor plan on the Naval General Staff, which regarded it as much too risky.
It was also decided to postpone the start of hostilities, mainly because preparations were proceeding slowly. The retention of the proposed conquests also implied a defensive perimeter: Japan might have to occupy Wake IslandGuam, and the Gilberts in the east to strengthen the already existing Japanese arc of islands from the Kurils to the Marshallsand Burma in the west.
For Pearl Harbor, 6 regular carriers all that the Japanese Navy then had2 battleships, 3 cruisers, and 11 destroyers were allocated. Since surprise was of the essence, a Sunday, December 7, was chosen as the date for the attack.
For this plan, as well as an operation against Hong Kongthe Army allocated 11 divisions aboutmen7 tank regiments tanksand 2 air divisions combat planes.
The main force of the Japanese Army was still deployed on the Chinese mainland and in Manchuria for fear of Soviet intentions. Landing operations of this type were to be repeated until Java was captured. The target date was set at days after the start of the war. The unprecedented scale and scope of the whole enterprise required the Japanese Navy to mobilize all available units: 10 battleships, 6 regular carriers, 4 auxiliary carriers, 18 heavy cruisers, 20 light cruisers, destroyers, 65 submarines, and 2, combat planes.
The prospect was scarcely bright. But then, if the war continues after that, I have no expectation of success. On November 5,Japan made the decision to go to war early in December if the negotiations with the U.